Before I start this article, I have a confession to make. Shaneen Fantin and I have known each other since February 1989. We met as part of a first year architecture student gathering at Brisbane’s Tower Mill on Gregory Terrace. In 1991 I left with a Bachelor of Design Studies, while Shaneen stayed on to gain her Bachelor of Architecture in 1994 and PhD in 2003 from the University of Queensland.
Since then, Shaneen’s career has seen her working with Indigenous groups, primarily in Australia, as a program manager with Arup and the Queensland State Government and now in Cairns running POD – People Oriented Design – with business partner and fellow architect Belinda Allwood.
Shaneen describes herself as a designer, writer and innovator, with specialist expertise in housing and health projects, community engagement and design participation. It’s no surprise to me that the bundle of determined energy I met in our undergraduate degree – almost 30 years ago – is now Chair of the FNQ committee of the Australian Institute of Architects.
She’s also an Adjunct Associate Professor at Queensland and James Cook Universities, and a member of International Association for Public Participation. Her doctoral thesis examines the relationship between design and culture in Aboriginal housing.
Shaneen has applied her research knowledge to over a dozen Indigenous housing and health projects in Queensland, the Northern Territory, New South Wales, South Australia and Canada. A regular contributor to Architecture Australia and Houses and Sanctuary, I interviewed Shaneen in March 2017 about POD’s workshop The Least House Necessary™.
When did you start thinking about developing The Least House Necessary?
It began in 2011 and was the culmination of several things. I’d just come back from the Northern Territory where I’d been working and doing research remotely with Indigenous people. My work meant long stints away, living with communities where I learned to live more simply – in essence, to value people over stuff.
I find that interesting because in 2011 I was in San Francisco. At a cafe one day I struck up a conversation with a guy wearing a T-Shirt emblazoned with two words: Less Stuff.
Yes, I always felt like there were too many possessions in my life whenever I came back from my times away. And I had this feeling over and over again. At the time, my partner and I had two small children and lived in a tiny workers cottage – about ninety square metres. It was our home for almost seven years.
How was that experience?
It was fantastic. It was a great house, easy to look after with a great connection to the backyard. I was never stressed and it felt beautiful and comfortable.
You mentioned a culmination of things creating the spark for the workshop. Can you expand on that?
Sure. In 2011, I was invited to speak at International Women’s Day, and the theme was Women with a Plan. I chose to speak about dwelling and housing, examining aboriginal and ethno-architecture along with contemporary dwellings.
Were you aware of the tiny house movement at the time?
I was aware of the emergence of the micro-house movement, watching from afar and curious about it. I didn’t, and don’t, necessarily agree with it. However, I definitely support the concept and the philosophy of simpler living.
What is it that disturbs you about these houses?
I don’t think they’re for everyone. In a micro-house you have to be very careful with your physical movements and very mindful. If you’re like me, you’d be running into, and falling over, things all the time.
Tell me how you set out to create The Least House Necessary.
The Least House Necessary is a facilitated workshop that invites people to consider their housing needs based on some key principles:
We design activities to help participants explore and challenge themselves about how important each principle is to them personally. Questions around comfort and privacy are always interesting, the challenge being, can you have both without creating a sealed building envelope.
We’ve talked about how dwellings have changed over time. Even the word ‘dwelling’ takes you back to a simpler time. What’s your take on that?
If you go back prior to the 1950s we’re talking about very different perceptions of privacy and security. In the workshop we take time to explore older house designs in particular – to find out what it meant to inhabit a house then, without air conditioning and three bathrooms.
In some ways, there was more flexibility in terms of how the rooms could be used, whereas now, every room has a designated use. As an example, a media room can’t easily become a dining room in current speculative housing layouts.
What else do you ask people to consider?
We ask them to undertake a behavioural analysis of the activities that take place in their homes. That includes things like sleeping and preparing food. At the same time, we remind them to take into account security and weather control. We ask them to prioritise what’s most important, from a secure internal environment to a more outdoor life with a focus on the garden, for example.
You’ve explained you then move this exercise from an individual to a group focus. Only this time you ask people to actually build a model house with materials you provide. I imagine that’s been interesting at times.
It’s been very interesting. It’s when you realise that people want so many different things from a house. It’s also when some of the participants themselves realise they may have been putting appliances and technology ahead of the relationship between the house and the garden. It certainly helps them think about space, and how spaces help create relationships, both with the land and between people – families in particular.
Often when people are looking to buy, build or renovate they’re drawn to a host of pre-conceptions about the best kitchen and bathroom, for example. They can be too easily consumed by all this amazing over-cooked imagery! (pun intended, well it is now)
It sounds like a lot of work and some of these questions sound like they could be from an info-mercial…
Haha. The workshop does have its ‘pressure cooker’ moments, and certainly runs at a fast pace, but it’s designed to be fun and energetic. People don’t think enough about what makes them happy as humans; is it really the 42-inch screen and leather lounge or how their kitchen interacts with their garden? We surprise them sometimes because what we’re actually asking them to consider is whether they’re investing in their happiness or a perception of success.
It’s important to keep in mind we’re not saying that what you end up with can’t be something beautiful. You can have something simple, and beautiful that’s also not massive and over-scaled – a place that meets your needs as a collection of people.
Volume, light, texture and people make a house a home, and there’s not much choice about any of these in a ‘spec’ home.
What plans are in place for you to help multiply The Least House Necessary?
We’ve run quite a number of workshops in Cairns and the far north. Our approach is to partner with regional or shire councils and other organisations and share our knowledge along the way. This has proven very successful in the past. In March this year, we held our first workshop in Brisbane through The State Library of Queensland as part of the 2017 Asia Pacific Architecture Forum.
People Oriented Design (POD) was established in Cairns, North Queensland in February 2009. It’s since grown into a thriving architecture business. POD’s two business partners, Shaneen Fantin and Belinda Allwood, are both registered architects in Queensland and descendants of local families.
Shaneen and Belinda have a great appreciation and passion for the landscape, climate and people of northern Australia. Prior to creating POD, each worked for more than 15 years as associates, senior architects, and project managers for a variety of local, national and international firms including Arup, Peddle Thorp Architects, Opus and Troppo Architects.
Describing POD as a multidisciplinary practice, Shaneen says their work involves: 70 per cent architecture – residential, community, health and education projects; 30 per cent consulting; community engagement and project management.
Shaneen and Belinda
With 20 years experience working with indigenous organisations Shaneen has a uniquely holistic view of Australian architecture. Along with her business acumen, Shaneen describes business partner Belinda as an incredible craftswoman and maker of things – from chairs and furniture to boats!
Shaneen’s just finished co-authoring a chapter of The International Handbook of Contemporary Architecture, an invitation that goes out to just 40 authors globally. Her co-author is local Elder Gudjugudju Fourmile.
Mardi Gras — then and now.
It’s timely that Disney’s ABC Studios has just produced the series When We Rise, which features Australian actors Rachel Griffiths and Guy Pearce. This eight-hour series documents the gay liberation movement in America, crossing over with several other resistance movements from the late 60s and early 70s. Almost 50 years later, with Sydney’s Mardi Gras celebration just around the corner, we’re again being called to #resist on numerous fronts.
The call to #resist
In New York, it was the Stonewall Riots of 1969. In Sydney, it was the anniversary of those same riots in 1978. The rise of Australia’s gay activism was greeted with brutality by the representatives of a then very ignorant society, one that couldn’t – or didn’t want to – understand.
Long before the floats, fantasies and pride of today’s march along Oxford Street, the ‘78ers’ marched in defiance. Without the throngs of cheering onlookers to spur them on, they had the courage to publicly say they’d had enough. At the end of their march on 23 June, however, there was no party. Instead, as one of the marchers and organisers, Ken Davis recalls:
“You could hear them in Darlinghurst police station being beaten up and crying out from pain. The night had gone from nerve-wracking to exhilarating to traumatic all in the space of a few hours. The police attack made us more determined to run Mardi Gras the next year.” 1
For sure, in 2017 many things have changed. However, homosexuals – to use that ‘endearing’ twentieth-century term – are still not recognised equally under the law in Australia. We still have a federal government that believes everyone else should decide whether or not LGBTQI people have the same rights as they do. There’s something about the title of the two films below that says it all after a fashion…
In a world where we continue to struggle with issues of colour, religion and gender, this is perhaps no surprise. Recent events in the U.S. highlight a resurgence in ignorance – a ‘grassroots’ desire for the way things were in the miraculous 1950s when ‘appliances ruled the world’. Well, at least the frigidaire seemed to rule the kitchen, that room where the good wife was duty bound to spend her day when not at the store or the hairdresser.
It’s the same grassroots ignorance that allowed AIDs to become the crisis it was in America, no small thanks to then president Ronald Reagan. Thankfully, in the 1980s, we were a little more progressive, in fact a leader in our response:
“Australia…was exceptional in that there was some unity across the political spectrum, led by then health minister Neil Blewett who realised that HIV could not be addressed without the direct input of those most affected by it…” 2 Check out a great ABC documentary on the Australian response to the AIDS epidemic.
April 5 this year marks the 30th anniversary of the Grim Reaper Advertisement across Australian television. If you’ve never seen it, as Molly would say – ‘click the link’, or something like that… It’s perhaps not surprising we were so proactive back in the 1980s. When Number 96 began ‘way back’ in 1972, it was the first TV show in the world to feature a regular gay character, Don Finlayson, played by Lebanese Australian actor Joe Hasham.
“One of the architects of Australia’s response to HIV, Bill Bowtell” is quoted as saying people were “stunned by the ad”… “[it] created a great deal of demand for information. He believes Australia did much better at containing HIV… giving people frank and factual information about how to protect themselves.” 3
Treatment for HIV has changed radically over time, with Ending HIV by 2020 a serious prospect. Supported by the introduction of government trials of PREP, we’re at least still dealing with the health issues on a sensible level.
While you’re celebrating Mardi Gras, and just how far we’ve come, let’s never forget the collective history and struggle that’s gone before. In particular, those who stood up for us when others would not. It’s also a reminder that the fight for equality continues, one in which we all have a role to play. It’s high time we put Australia back in the lead, rather than rapidly going backwards with its stance on gay marriage – Happy Mardi Gras!
Featured: Mardi Gras © Geoff Jaeger, 2013
Story Image 1: When We Rise via dailymotion.com
Story Image 2: Castro © Geoff Jaeger, 2011
Hilbert Ho is an experienced designer and brand specialist who brings a talent for UX digital engagement to GkJE.
Based in Sydney, Hilbert and Geoff first met in 2007 working together on an internal magazine for Qantas. Hilbert’s expertise includes interface design, illustration, digital and print media publishing. Working for more than 18 years in his field, Hilbert brings a unique blend of enthusiasm, patience and detail to his work.
His clients have included Lend Lease, Telstra, The Sydney Film Festival, ACP Magazines, Federal Publishing, Fairfax, Sony BMG, The MLC Centre, Metcentre, Citibank, The Australian Red Cross Blood Service, Arena TV, The Urban Purveyor Group and Petrol Records.
His digital media solutions include periodicals for the University of Queensland’s Alumni publication and the University of Western Sydney, encompassing iOS, Android tablet and mobile development.
With Hilbert on board, GkJE will be expanding its client offering to the digital edge, solving some of the current print and online issues for clients who need to respond faster and smarter to attract new audiences.
25 – 29 July
Opening : Wednesday, 27 July
Join us : 6-8pm
Walls — Geoff Jaeger
Geoff Jaeger has taken photographs since a young child. His favourite photographic assignment is to document urban life and the built environment in unfamiliar cities.
These photographs in this exhibition were taken in Berlin during a visit in 2010. Generously on loan from their current owners, they feature the Berlin wall near and at the Eastside Gallery.
Factory 1 (Blog Image) is a cropped photograph of a mural by German artist Karsten Wenzel. The slogan “die Beständigkeit der Ignoranz” (the persistence of ignorance) feels very relevant today.
The image also brings to mind the question: who’s art is it anyway? A mural becomes a photograph, Karsten’s art photographically appropriated and the artist due a commission…
“My creative motivation arises from the need for soul-searching…reflections on power, and violence in open or structural shape emerge. Authorities, myths and forms of staging are questioned with the means of painting…” – Karsten Wenzel, 2009.
Original Artwork © Karsten Wenzel, 1990 / 2009
Photographic Image © Geoff Jaeger, 2010
Rickard was a GkJE client before joining our enterprise. It has been his values and beliefs that see him fit so well into our endeavours:
“I grew up in northern Sweden and worked with my parents in our family business. My approach to life, and subsequently business, is based on three core beliefs I learned from them, and always carry with me:
1. Treat everyone with respect – this is the foundation for mutual respect and success.
2. Take the initiative – if you want something to happen, then make it happen.
3. Solve problems – the problems of any business are yours to solve.”
Rickard is an international marketing and business consultant who has a focus on the customer experience, bonding people with organistaions while simultaneously streamlining processes.
He’s known for leading, developing and revising fundraising platforms for charitable organisations at both international and national levels. He’s worked on global expansion strategies, as well as developing and implementing global donation systems.
His career to date includes work with The United Nations, UNICEF, The Fred Hollows Foundation, Camp Quality and CanTeen to name a few. his work has taken him around the world; from Sweden to Australia, Switzerland, India and Thailand.
Perry Lane Goes Abstract
GkJE has worked with Woollahra Council to create a placemaking event to transform Perry Lane into a place for people and activities: turf, tables, chairs, umbrellas and a giant snakes and ladders board will be in place between 12-4pm on Saturday 14 May.
The event will coincide with Head On Photo Festival exhibitions in the Paddington Reservoir on the other side of Oxford Street. The clever people at Head On have organised a Photobook Swap between 12-4pm. Join us in the laneway for a fun afternoon of coffee, photos, books and more.
Head On Photo Festival is the leading photography festival in Australia. This annual festival is run by Head On Foundation, a not-for-profit organisation, promoting the work of photographers at all stages of their careers; encouraging excellence and innovation, making photography accessible to all and raising awareness of important issues through photography.